Effect of laser and clock stability and meteorological conditions on gravity surveyed with the A10 free-fall gravimeter - first results

Marcin Sekowski, Jan Krynski, Przemyslaw Dykowski, Jaakko Makinen


The Institute of Geodesy and Cartography in Warsaw, Poland,
operates the A10-020 free-fall portable gravimeter since November 2008. Numerous gravity measurements with the A10-020 gravimeter, conducted under both laboratory and field conditions, provide a unique material for the estimation of accuracy as well as reliability of the determined gravity. Time series of regular, monthly measurements conducted
with the A10-020 at the Borowa Gora Geodetic-Geophysical Observatory for over two years at two laboratory test sites and one field station has been analysed in terms of their internal consistency and compliance with the previous measurements performed with a few other absolute gravimeters (mainly FG5). The results of a number of calibrations of both,
the rubidium oscillator and the polarization-stabilized laser interferometer of the A10-020 were considered in the analysis. The effect of applying the frequency standard as well as laser interferometer calibration data on the quality of gravity determined was investigated. In addition, the impact of
weather conditions as well as variability of metrological parameters on surveyed gravity was taken into consideration when evaluating accuracy and reliability of gravity survey with the A10 gravimeter. Also the possibility of the occurrence of gross errors in gravity determination with the A10 gravimeter was discussed.


gravimetric survey; absolute gravimeter; metrological parameters; metrology

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